Developmental aspects of phenolic biology in barley

subcellular localization, enzymology, herbicides and field studies by Denise Ellen Blume

Written in English
Published: Pages: 158 Downloads: 555
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Subjects:

  • Plants -- Metabolism,
  • Growth (Plants),
  • Plant physiology,
  • Barley

Edition Notes

Other titlesPhenolic biology in barley
Statementby Denise Ellen Blume
The Physical Object
Pagination158 leaves :
Number of Pages158
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17846540M

Summary-outlines of the malting process and malt-using processes are followed by consideration of the structures, germinative physiology and biochemistry of cereal grains. Particular attention is paid to barley, but the malting of other cereal is described. The successive stages of malting are then considered. Published by Sinauer Associates, an imprint of Oxford University Press. Throughout its twenty-two year history, the authors of Plant Physiology and Development have continually updated the book to incorporate the latest advances in plant biology and implement pedagogical improvements requested by . Allelopathy is a biological phenomenon by which an organism produces one or more biochemicals that influence the germination, growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms. These biochemicals are known as allelochemicals and can have beneficial (positive allelopathy) or detrimental (negative allelopathy) effects on the target organisms and the community. Cutin, a polyester composed mostly of oxygenated fatty acids, serves as the framework of the plant cuticle. The same types of cutin monomers occur across most plant lineages, although some evolutionary trends are evident. Additionally, cutins from some species have monomer profiles that are characteristic of the related polymer suberin. Compositional differences likely have profound structural Cited by:

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Improved Extrusion Cooking Treatment (IECT) on the phenolics and its bioaccessibility in cereals, represented by brown rice, wheat, and oat. Data showed that total phenolic content and total antioxidant activity in free form were significantly decreased, while the bound form was increased after IECT. After IECT, the total free phenolic Cited by: Pre-Harvest Sprouting in Cereals edited by M. K. Walker-Simmons and J. L. Ried. Pre-Harvest Sprouting in Cereals contains research on all aspects of pre-harvest sprouting including the effects of sprouting on cereal end products, genetics and breeding for pre-harvest sprouting tolerance, and assay methods.. Pre-Harvest Sprouting in Cereals is an ideal reference for food chemists, physiologists. The Arabidopsis COG1 gene encodes a Dof domain transcription factor and negatively Light is a critical environmental factor that influences almost all developmental aspects of plants, including seed germination, seedling morphogenesis, and transition to reproductive growth. Functional interconnections of HY1 with MYC2 and HY5 in. Thus seed coat is an important plant organ from various aspects. While the molecular biology of embryo development and accumulation of storage reserves and maturation have been well examined, that of seed coat development has received less attention. The testa is a maternal organ derived from the outer and inner integuments of the by:

Ethylene in Plant Biology: Edition 2 - Ebook written by Frederick B. Abeles, Page W. Morgan, Mikal E. Saltveit, Jr.. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Ethylene in Plant Biology: Edition 2.   Plants exploit ubiquitination to modulate the proteome with the final aim to ensure environmental adaptation and developmental plasticity. Ubiquitination targets are specifically driven to degradation through the action of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Genetic analyses have indicated wide functions of ubiquitination in plant life; nevertheless, despite the large number of predicted E3s, only a few of Cited by:   The science and art of whisky making uisge beatha or usquebaugh is what Irish and Scots monks called their distilled barley beer. Scotland's mild, maritime climates, with long hours of Author: Andy Connelly. Read "Plant Developmental Biology - Biotechnological Perspectives Volume 1" by available from Rakuten Kobo. Many exciting discoveries in recent decades have contributed new knowledge to our understanding of the mechanisms that r Brand: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Developmental aspects of phenolic biology in barley by Denise Ellen Blume Download PDF EPUB FB2

Peroxidase activity and phenolic content in infested wheat and barley plants. Two susceptible cultivars were used in this experiment; Nesma, a bread wheat va, rietyand Kanby, a barely. The peroxidase activity and phenolic content in the infested and check plants were measured.

Barley: Properties, Functionality and Applications provides a systematic introduction and a comprehensive examination of barley science.

Recent research has raised the importance of barley finding that barley is a rich source of phenolic compounds, dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. subtropics. Other tha n the cool highlands, barley is rarely grown in the tropics as it is not suited to warm humid climates (Nevo ).

Barley was first domesticated ab years ago from its wild relative, H. vulgare. ssp. spontaneum, in the area of the Middle East Developmental aspects of phenolic biology in barley book as the Fertile Crescent (Badr et al.

vulgare. ssp. spontaneumFile Size: KB. Whole grain barley also contains phytochemicals including phenolic acids, flavonoids, lignans, tocols, phytosterols, and folate. These phytochemicals exhibit strong antioxidant, antiproliferative, and cholesterol lowering abilities, which are potentially useful in lowering the risk of certain diseases.

Two susceptible cultivars were used in this experiment; Nesma, a bread wheat variety, and Kanby, a barely. The peroxidase activity and phenolic content in the infested and check plants were measured. The results showed that peroxidase values of infested barley and wheat plants ranged from to and from to Whereas much is known about the nutritional and health benefits of barley consumption, much less is known about the functionality of barley grain components in terms of processing and food product/ingredient development.

Aspects of the physical and chemical properties of the kernel, including fibre, colour, texture, hardness, etc.

present opportunities and challenges for use of barley Cited by: The Biology of Hordeum vulgare L. (barley) Office of the Gene Technology Regulator. maturity and the grains fall. Cultivated barley has also been selected to have low seed dormancy. Commercial uses. Barley is the fourth most important cereal crop in the world after wheat, maize, and rice, andFile Size: KB.

Some aspects of phenolic metabolism have been followed during the development of durum wheat grain. Bound ferulic (FA) and p-coumaric (PCA) acids have been extracted after alkaline hydrolysis and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography.

They increased to reach a maximum during the hydrical step and then decreased rapidly during grain by:   The role of developmental biology. Developmental genetics has identified genes responsible for the domestication of several crops. Such findings are particularly impressive because they uncover crucial parts of human history, and also because they result from long-term projects in complex genetic backgrounds that teach us fundamental aspects of biology and gene by: 5.

The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants. Author: Professor Emeritus of Molecular and Developmental Biology Lincoln Taiz,Lee Taiz; Publisher: Oxford University Press ISBN: Category: Page: View: DOWNLOAD NOW» Sex in animals has been known for at least ten thousand years, and this knowledge was put to good use during animal domestication in the Neolithic period.

Barley grains are rich in phenolic compounds, which are associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases. Development of barley cultivars with high phenolic acid content has become one of the main objectives in breeding programs.

A rapid and accurate method for measuring phenolic compounds would be helpful for crop by: A doubled haploid population of 94 lines from the Chinese Spring × SQ1 wheat cross (CSDH) was used to evaluate additive and epistatic gene action effects on total phenolic content, grain yield of the main stem, grain number per plant, thousand grain weight, [ ] Read more.

Barley anatomy is similar to other grasses. There are differences between the two-rowed and six-rowed varieties related to the fertility of the florets. For each type there are three florets at each node, and in two-rowed barley only the central floret is fertile, whereas in six-rowed all florets are fertile.

Two barley varieties (Falcon and AC Metcalfe) were separated by pearling into seven fractions and subsequently extracted with 80% methanol. The extracts, after solvent removal, were evaluated for their radical scavenging efficacy using Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC).

The radical scavenging capacity of the extracts was determined using 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical Cited by:   Barley straw decomposing in well-aerated water releases a substance(s) that inhibits algal growth. Phenolic compounds are toxic to algae but are unlikely to be present in sufficient quantities to account for the extended antialgal action of straw.

However, straw is antialgal under conditions that may promote oxidation of phenolic hydroxyl groups to quinones; tannins are antialgal under similar Cited by: Barley: Chemistry and Technology is an important tool for any food scientist, or crop scientist who needs to understand the development, structure, composition, or end use properties of the barley grain for cultivation, trade, and utilization.

Allelopathic Plants. Barley (Hordeum vulgare L) ROBERT J. KREMER * and MONCEF BEN-HAMMOUDA 1 During the early development of agriculture, barley was a staple food in bread-making and in soup and porridge dishes, However later, it became a multi-purpose crop [livestock autotoxicity included a combination of phenolic acids, which.

Barley: Properties, Functionality and Applications provides a systematic introduction and a comprehensive examination of barley science. Recent research has raised the importance of barley finding that barley is a rich source of phenolic compounds, dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

Studying Paperback – CRC Press. Novel forms of phenolic compounds have been discovered from barley and beer. The results will open new interesting possibilities for evaluation of possible health benefits of barley and beer. The study published in Journal of Cereal Science. Molecular physiology and genomics of developing barley grains.

development of monocot barley and dicot legume seeds are described. Much attention has been devoted to the molecular biology. Chlorophyll production involves the synthesis of photoreactive intermediates that, when in excess, are toxic due to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).

A novel, activation-tagged barley (Hordeum vulgare) mutant is described that results from antisense suppression of a uroporphyrinogen III synthase (Uros) gene, the product of which catalyzes the sixth step in the Cited by: Maintaining and improving the nutritional quality of foods during processing are the main market and industry concerns.

Thus, research should focus on novel and sustainable ways for selecting the appropriate processing method that either increases or does not affect the nutrient content of foods. Thermal processing techniques such as extrusion cooking are widely used for producing breakfast Cited by: 2.

Growing consumer interest in new beer flavors is contributing to the application of innovative materials and non-Saccharomyces yeast in goal of this study was to test the impact of the low lactic acid-producing Lachancea thermotolerans MN strain on the process of fermenting beer wort, with two different concentrations of bitter compounds, and on the quality of the beer produced.

Barley flaxseed based functional dry soup mix (BFSM) was developed from whole barely flour (%), roasted flaxseed powder (%) and the seasoning (%) comprising several flavoring compounds and anticaking agent, using simple processing technique.

Cited by: 6. Oats: Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition, is the only up-to-date review of oat chemistry and technology and will be a valuable resource for food science professionals including nutritionists, cereal chemists, plant biochemists, plant breeders, molecular biologists, grain millers, and product development and research scientists.5/5(1).

It is also associated with the development of infertility. The present study designed to illustrate the developmental aspects of ovaries of offspring maternally fed on a high cholesterol diet and how supplementation of barley and date palm fruit to this die improved the ovarian structure and by: 1.

Chitosan (CHT), a deacetylated chitin derivative, and benzo-(1,2,3)-thiadiazolecarbothioic acid S-methyl ester (BTH), a non toxic synthetic functional analogue of salicylic acid, were applied as foliar spray to barley plants (Hordeum vulgare L.), to compare their effectiveness in inducing resistance against Blumeria graminis f.

hordei and to investigate the underlying defence response Cited by: 1. The extraction and purification of anthocyanins from barley kernels presents problems not commonly encountered in other plant tissues.

Special techniques using, for example, a pearler, sonic oscillator and alternate freezing and thawing of extracts have aided in the production of reasonably complete and pure anthocyanin and anthocyanidin extracts from chaff, pericarp and perisperm. The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the influence of the using phenolic compounds on A.

fatua weed control in germination and early growth stage, (2) to determine the effect of using phenolic compounds in germination and early growth stage of wheat (T. aestivum) and barley (H. vulgare).Cited by: 2. Seed quality is vital to sustainable crop production and food security.

Seed enhancements include physical, physiological and biological treatments to overcome germination constraints by uniform stands, earlier crop development and better yields. Improved germination rates and seedling vigour are due to reduced emergence time by earlier start of metabolic activities of hydrolytic enzymes and Cited by: 5.

Active oxygen species (AOS) are involved in various aspects of seed physiology. Their generation, which occurs during seed desiccation, germination and ageing, may lead to oxidative stress and cellular damage, resulting in seed by: This book provides a comprehensive overview of malt, with primary focus on barley, from the field through the malting process.

With primers on history, agricultural development and physiology of the barley kernel, John Mallett (Bell’s Brewery, Inc.) leads us through the enzymatic conversion that takes place during the malting process. The amphibious leafless sedge Eleocharis vivipara develops C4-like traits as well as Kranz anatomy under terrestrial conditions, but it develops C3-like traits without Kranz anatomy under submerged conditions.

When submerged plants are exposed to aerial conditions, they rapidly produce new photosynthetic tissues with C4-like traits. In this study, experiments were performed to determine Cited by: